1. Toothache Dental Emergency
When your tooth starts paining, try to clean your mouth by rinsing
thoroughly with warm water. This gives temporary relief if you have
gum problems. Gently floss around the tooth to remove any food
particles that are stuck in between the teeth. Take an analgesic or
pain relieving drug to subside the pain. Avoid placing aspirin under
the gums as it results in aspirin burns. If your tooth continues to
hurt, you should call your dentist as soon as possible. A toothache
can result from several dental problems like dental cavities or
dental fractures or mobile teeth and also due to increased
sensitivity of the tooth. By visiting your dentist regularly you can
avoid such dental pain.
2. Broken Tooth Emergency
Usually a restored tooth is weak and breaks or chips of along with
the filling, resulting in severe pain. If your tooth breaks, the
first thing you should do is take some pain killers and visit your
dentist immediately. Apply a cold compress to the area to minimize
any swelling of the soft structure.
3. Broken Jaw Dental Emergency
People who face road accidents are more vulnerable to get jaw
fractures. It calls for immediate dental emergency, call an
ambulance and till then try to stop the bleeding and swelling by
applying cold pressure on the affected area. Take an appointment of
oral surgeon and cosmetic surgeon as well.
4. Lost filling Dental Emergency
As a temporary measure, stick a piece of sugarless gum into the
cavity (sugar-filled gum will cause pain). This needs to be done as
the dental tubules or dental nerves are exposed which cause extreme
pain when it comes in contact with air. See your dentist as soon as
5. Bitten Tongue or Lip Emergency
If you have bitten your tongue or lip, gently wipe the area clean
with a cloth. Apply a cold compress to the area to minimize bleeding
and swelling in that area. If the bleeding doesn't stop, you should
go to the emergency room in a nearby hospital.
6. Dental Emergency of Something Caught Between Your Teeth
Gently remove the obstacle in between teeth or between permanent
denture & teeth, by using a dental floss or wooden toothpick. You
must be very careful not to cut the gum tissue. If you are unable to
remove the object, contact your dentist. Never use a sharp object to
try and remove something that is stuck in between your teeth.
7. Knocked Out Tooth Dental Emergency
If your tooth comes out completely, rinse the tooth off very gently
to make sure it is clean and don't damage the surrounding tissues.
Do not scrub the tooth or remove any tissue that is attached to it.
Be sure to place a towel or wash cloth in the sink so that it does
not go down the drain. Gently place the tooth back into the socket
or at least in the mouth so that it's in contact with the saliva. If
this is not possible, place the tooth in a small container or cup of
milk. You will need to take the tooth with you and get to your
8. Broken Crown Dental Emergency
If the dental crown breaks off, make an appointment to see your
dentist as soon as possible and bring the crown with you. If you
can't get to the dentist right away and the tooth is causing pain,
use a cotton swab to apply a little clove oil to the sensitive area.
If possible, slip the crown back over the tooth. Before doing so,
coat the inner surface with an over-the-counter dental cement,
toothpaste, or denture adhesive, to help hold the crown in place. Do
not use super glue!
9. Broken Braces Wires Dental Emergency
If a wire breaks or sticks out of a bracket or band and is poking
the cheek, tongue or gum causing bleeding from the soft tissues, try
to put a chewing gum on the exposed ends of the wire. Use the eraser
end of a pencil to push the wire into a more comfortable position.
If you can't reposition the wire, cover the end with orthodontic
wax, a small cotton ball, or piece of gauze until you can get to
your orthodontist's office. Never cut the wire, as you could end up
swallowing it or sucking it into your lungs.
10. Loose Brackets and Bands Emergency
Temporarily reattach loose braces with a small piece of orthodontic
wax. Alternatively, place the wax over the braces to provide a
cushion. See your orthodontist as soon as possible. If the problem
is a loose band, call your orthodontist for an appointment to have
it re-cemented or replaced (and to have missing spacers replaced).
When to Call Your Dentist because
of Dental Emergency
If you're not sure if a dental problem is an emergency, dentists
offer this advice: If it hurts, it's an dental emergency. This is
because even injuries that seem small or superficial can damage the
pulp tissue inside the tooth which contains the nerve and blood
supply of a tooth. Quick treatment improves the odds of saving
injured or damaged teeth.
Even if you don't have much pain, any structural damage to a tooth
should be considered an emergency. When the teeth starts becoming
mobile due to a superficial injury, it may result in tooth loss. If
any damage to gums occurs, it may result in periodontal infections
especially in diabetic patients. Sometimes a small oral lesion which
may or May not have any pain can be fatal like the precancerous oral
lesions. So if you see any such lesion on your oral cavity, visit a
If you have any broken restoration or crown structure, see your
dentist right away, there's a good chance he or she will be able to
repair the damage with minimal treatment and the prognosis is